Heavy Rain Effects Disease Management for Georgia Crops

As mentioned in an earlier post, a deluge of rainfall has rained down on Georgia. Not only is heavy moisture impacting plant growth, it’s also making disease management incredibly difficult for many of Georgia’s prime crops.

Soggy fields are creating an ideal environment to host certain bacteria and fungicides in peanuts, cotton, corn and soybeans. Plus, the moist fields are making it difficult for farmers to get in to apply necessary fungicide treatments. Even when they are able to treat the plants, the treatment sometimes gets washed away, resulting from another torrential storm. Crops are reaching a critical stage where timely use of fungicide application is paramount to effectively reduce the risk for bacterial and fungal outbreaks.

In these current conditions, the occurrence and proliferation of leaf spot diseases, white mold and Rhizoctonia limb rot can be expected in peanut fields. In fact, it’s been reported that white mold has already killed young plants on Southern Georgia farms. It doesn’t stop there.

Cases of southern corn rust have also surfaced, along with northern corn leaf blight and southern corn leaf blight. Though the damage isn’t too severe yet, it is still important to gain control over these occurrences before they become widespread. Aggressive use of fungicide treatment has proven effective against southern rust, but in these conditions, effective treatment becomes difficult. In addition, soybeans are at risk for Asian soybean rust and cotton is at risk for target spot and Ascochyta wet-weather blight.

To stay on top of these diseases, continue scouting your crop, keeping track of bacterial and fungal outbreaks. What’s more, hope that dry weather is on the horizon!

If you are a peanut, soy, corn, or cotton grower in Georgia, contact Bankers South Ag Lending and Financing to discuss your agricultural financing solutions. We offer Georgia farm loans to support your farm’s sustainability and continued economic success.  

Peanut Disease Management: White Mold Solutions

Recently, trace amounts of white mold were confirmed in an Extension Peanut Fungicide trial conducted in Santa Rosa County, Florida.

White Mold Description and Details

White mold is a fungal pathogen and a soilborne disease. It appears as a small BB-like, mustard-sized seed that germinates and infects the peanut crop. Hits of white mold are almost unpreventable, especially in warm, wet years such as these. These hits should be heavily monitored and managed to prevent future spreading. Fortunately, white mold is very easy to detect. Unfortunately, it’s not so easy to completely wipe out.

White Mold Treatment Strategies and Solutions

To prevent the spread of white mold, it is paramount that peanut growers enact a solid fungicide program early on in the peanut planting process.

Even so, no fungicide that is used for peanuts can totally wipe out the white mold from a field. Even with the enactment of a sound treatment plan, the fungicide will only kill about 70% of the fungus. To really minimize the risk and manage a current white mold break out, requires the practice of good crop rotation and the use of more resistant, newer peanut varieties.

If you find that white mold is becoming a huge problem, it’s important to deduce the root cause of it. Check if your sprayer is properly calibrated. Make sure the application rate of the fungicide is appropriate. Timing is everything. Perhaps consider shortening the interval time between fungicide applications. Consider applying the fungicide at night or in the early morning hours to allow better penetration. There are many proven techniques that you can implement to better reduce the risk of white mold spreading and ruining your peanut crop.

Bankers South provides farm loans for peanut producers. Please contact us if you’d like to discuss agricultural financing options for your peanut farm. Stabilize, protect, and support your peanut production with assistance from Bankers South.